Glossary

  • Abstract

    Definition

    Relating to art that attempts to represent reality through the use of shapes, textures and colours.

  • Aesthetic

    Definition

    The visual appearance of something usually in relation to specific tastes.

    Example

    Nathan’s instagram feed has a gothic aesthetic.

    Also known as

    Look of something, style.

  • Alchemical symbols

    Definition

    Alchemy is the philosophy and natural science that predates the modern science of chemistry. In the 17th century, alchemists devised symbols to identify various materials such as gold, silver, and iron. They also included other substances, such as earth, air, fire, and water.

    Source

    Science Notes

  • Ambitious

    Definition

    An idea that is demanding and/ or complex and requires much skill and effort to complete.

    Example

    Her idea to build an igloo was ambitious given she had no experience building anything.

  • Analog

    Definition

    A physical or mechanical process or technology. Often used to contrast to a digital process or technology.

    Example

    A mechanical watch vs a digital watch.

  • Analyse

    Definition

    To study or examine something in detail, in order to discover more about it.

    Example

    In order to understand her style I needed to analyse as many of her artworks as possible.

  • Aotearoa

    Definition

    North Island - now used as the Māori name for New Zealand.

  • Aristocratic

    Definition

    Belonging to a person of high standing or rank in society, who may have been related to royalty or bestowed with a title like Lord/Lady

  • Ascender

    Definition

    In typography, the upward vertical stem on some lowercase letters, such as h and b, that extends above the x-height is the ascender.

  • Assemblage

    Definition

    A collection or arrangement of miscellaneous found objects which make an art piece.

  • Asset

    Definition

    Part or component used to build an outcome. Generally something such as an illustration or image.

    Also known as

    Component.

  • Asymmetrical

    Definition

    When graphics and text are not equal on both sides of a central line, a design is said to be asymmetrical.

    Also known as

    Unequal, imbalanced.

  • Atmosphere

    Definition

    An overall feeling and/or effect of a place. Also the envelope of gases surrounding the earth or another planet. Metaphorically the ‘air’ of a place or situation.

  • Blend

    Definition

    To mix different things or styles.

  • Blog

    Definition

    A website where an individual person, or people representing an organization, write regularly about recent events or topics that interest them, usually with photos and links to other websites that they find interesting.

    Source

    https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/blog_1?q=blog

  • Cognitive

    Definition

    Conscious mental activity such as; thinking, reasoning, or remembering.

  • Collage

    Definition

    Made by combining different materials such as photographs and pieces of paper or fabric and sticking on to a backing.

  • Component

    Definition

    Part or aspect of something larger.

    Example

    There are many components to a photography shoot. E.g. Lighting, props and assistants.

    Also known as

    Piece, aspect, asset.

  • Composition

    Definition

    In reference to photography, composition refers to the arrangement of elements within the frame.

    Source

    https://study.com/academy/lesson/photography-composition-definition-rules-techniques.html

  • Computational

    Definition

    The act of calculating for a specific purpose.

    Example

    She needed to use computational thinking to set up the laser cutter with the correct settings and configuration.

    Also known as

    Calculating, figuring.

  • Conscious

    Definition

    Perceiving, apprehending, or noticing with a degree of controlled thought or observation.

    Example

    He was conscious that his words sounded angrier than he had intended.

  • Contemporary

    Definition

    This refers to something happening currently and of the current time. However. it is important to note when discussing ‘contemporary art’, this is often referred to as art produced in the second half of the 20th century or in the 21st century.

  • Content

    Definition

    In art and design, content refers to subject matter and meaning of the artwork/ design work.

  • Context

    Definition

    The situation within which something exists or happens, and that can help explain it.

  • Contextual

    Definition

    Could refer to anything from the circumstances, theme, society or time period.

  • Creative heritage

    Definition

    Your personal art, design and creative background. This includes your cultural heritage; and is often made up of things we take for granted.

    Example

    Cooking was something he had always enjoyed and do with his father. It was an important part of his creative heritage.

  • Critical

    Definition

    Exercising or involving careful judgment.
    Adverb: critically.

  • Croquis

    Definition

    The French word for ‘sketch’, a quick drawing of a body usually in different poses. These are used in fashion design as a template for drawing garments on top of.

  • Decor

    Definition

    The furnishing and decoration of a room.

  • Dense

    Definition

    Containing a lot of matter/component elements in a small space.

    Example

    A very detailed pattern could be described as dense.

  • Diameter

    Definition

    Measurement from one side of a circle to the other, through the centre point.

  • Digital artisans

    Definition

    Artists, designers and makers who follow the digital handmade movement to create their outcomes.

  • Digital Handmade movement

    Definition

    The use of handmade or craft based practices in combination with digital technologies and/or fabrication techniques to produce works of art and design.

  • Disquiet

    Definition

    A feeling of worry or unease.

  • Distort

    Definition

    To mis-shape, push/pull/bend or twist out of the original form.

  • Double colonisation

    Definition

    This refers to the stance of a woman of colour in the post-colonial world. Suggesting that women of colour are oppressed by a colonial power as well as the patriarchy.

  • Evolved

    Definition

    Changed or developed over time.
    Past tense of evolve.

  • Extend

    Definition

    Push ideas past the obvious conclusion, usually through research and experimentation.

    Example

    He was able to extend his ideas by experimenting with some new printing techniques.

  • Fabricate

    Definition

    To create or build something.

    Example

    They were going to make a shelf, which they would fabricate out of plywood.

    Also known as

    Construct, manufacture, produce.

  • Fiddly

    Definition

    Something small that is difficult to physically handle.

    Example

    The clasp on the necklace was small and fiddly.

    Also known as

    intricate, awkward.

  • Field

    Definition

    Specific area of study, interest and/or practice.

    Example

    Woodblock printing.

    Also known as

    Discipline, specialism, domain.

  • Filter

    Definition

    A device which something passes through to change its properties in some way.

    Example

    Photographs can be filtered through different lenses/colours/textures to create visual effects.

  • First generation

    Definition

    Referring to someone who is the first generation of person(s) to be born in a particular country, (meaning their parents were born in a different country).

  • Flip book

    Definition

    A flip book is a book containing a stack of pictures that change ever so slightly from page to page.

    Source

    https://blog.schoolspecialty.com/flip-books-101/

  • Form

    Definition

    The shape and structure of an object. Can be used to describe three dimensional space or volume.

    Example

    The steep contours of the building highlighted it's unusual form.

  • Fractal

    Definition

    Having a fragmented or irregular appearance and a repeating pattern that displays at every scale. An example is a fern leaf, every little leaf - part of the bigger one - has the same shape as the whole fern leaf. You can say that the fern leaf is self-similar. The same is with fractals: you can magnify them many times and after every step you will see the same shape. Fractals occur on many scales in nature, in the universe and in our bodies.

  • Garland

    Definition

    Here in the Pacific, garlands are often called Lei and can be a wreath of flowers presented as a welcome gesture. More loosely defined a garland/lei can be any material strung together to be worn. The garland can also be a symbol of celebration, mana, mourning or beauty and always a bestowal of alofa and respect.

    Source

    Coconet

  • Gender

    Definition

    Refer to the roles, behaviours, activities, attributes and opportunities that any society considers appropriate for girls and boys, and women and men.

  • Geometric

    Definition

    Characterised by or using straight lines, triangles, circles, or similar regular shapes or forms. Geometry is the branch of mathematics that deals with points, lines, shapes and space.

  • Graduated

    Definition

    Slowly changing from one state to another.

    Example

    In the case of colour, when one colour slowly gets darker or lighter or is merged with another colour.

  • Hue/ Saturation

    Definition

    Hue is the colour or shade or colour. Saturation is the amount of grey added to or taken away from the colour.

    Source

    https://www.labnol.org/home/hue-saturation-luminosity/20104/

  • Hunt and gather

    Definition

    To go out and actively seek images and information to help inspire the creative process.

    Also known as

    Design research, design reference materials.

  • Identity

    Definition

    Identity is who you are. How both yourself and others view/understand you.

  • Identity politics

    Definition

    Refers to a group of peoples shared ideas/experiences based on culture, ethnicity, nationality, religion, race, sexuality, etc.

  • Indigenous

    Definition

    Produced, growing, living or occurring natively or naturally in a particular region or environment.

    Indigenous is a term that can be used when referring to ethnic groups that were first inhabitants of a place. Māori are the Indigenous people of New Zealand Aoteroa. This is why when referring to Māori art/design practices, the word indigenous can be used.

  • Intersectional feminism

    Definition

    A theoretical framework underlining that women experience/ practice/ understand feminism in different ways based on their own culture, race, religion, etc. Intersectional feminism aims to be non-discriminatory.

  • Justified

    Definition

    Supported by a reasoned argument.

  • Linear

    Definition

    Consisting of or using lines. The adjective usually refers to something that follows an expected order or sequence.

  • Makers

    Definition

    Anyone who creates something, usually in a creative context.

    Also known as

    Artist, designer, artisan, craftsperson, creative, technologist.

  • Media

    Definition

    The materials or medium you use to make something.

    Example

    Media can include things like; pastels, airbrush, colour pencils, collage, marker pens, paint, gouache, card, and digital media.

  • Medium

    Definition

    The materials that are used to create a work of art.

    Example

    Water colour was her favourite medium for wet work.

  • Merge

    Definition

    To combining or join together.

  • Metalsmith

    Definition

    An artist or craftsperson who is skilled in working with metal.

  • Milestone

    Definition

    A significant stage or event in the development of something.

  • Mode

    Definition

    The tool or method used to communicate and/or capture something. It often refers to the way of doing/ performing a task.

    Example

    Modes can include things like: digital applications, photography, image manipulation, animation, models and the range of conventional drawing and sketching methods.

  • Movement

    Definition

    A 'movement' is a style or overriding inclination within art or design that upholds a specific philosophy or ideal. It is followed and promoted by a group of artists for a defined period of time. This way of working is guided by established philosophies, stylistic choices and often reflect the over all cultural context of a time.

    Example

    Andy Warhol was part of the 'Pop Art' movement which combined popular culture with fine art. Art/design from this movement often made comment on the consumer culture of the 1950s.

  • Muse

    Definition

    A muse is an inspiration for some kind of creative expression.

  • Muted

    Definition

    Soft and gentle, not bright and strong, subdued and quiet.

  • Negative Space

    Definition

    In photography, negative space refers to the intentional space left, usually emphasises the main subject matter.

  • Non Binary

    Definition

    Not just involving two things, in this case either male or female. Some people want to embrace a less strictly male or female identity. Non-binary allows for a broader understanding of sexuality and gender.

  • Objective

    Definition

    Expressing or dealing with facts or conditions as perceived without distortion by personal feelings, prejudices, or interpretations.

  • Optical

    Definition

    Having to do with sight or light.

    Example

    An "optical illusion," is an illusion that tricks the eyes.

  • Opulent

    Definition

    Luxurious. Opulent things or places look grand and expensive.

  • Orientalism

    Definition

    A term coined by Edward Said is a way of seeing from a Western perspective which frames the Asian continent, Asian culture and Asian people as different or ‘other’, in relation to Europe and the U.S. It is often met stereotypes that the ‘Orient’ is uncivilised, compared to its Western counterparts.

  • Ornamentation

    Definition

    Decorative elements added to something to enhance its appearance.

  • Palette

    Definition

    The range of colours used, also a flat piece of wood or plastic on which an artist mixes paints.

  • Performative

    Definition

    This relates to creative performance and expression in the arts.

  • Photo burst

    Definition

    Photo burst refers to when the camera on your device captures a series of photos in rapid succession.

    Source

    https://www.macrumors.com/how-to/take-burst-mode-photos-on-iphone-ipad/

  • Photographic Principles

    Definition

    Elements/rules that make up the way a photograph is created and/or viewed.

  • Photography

    Definition

    The art, process or job of taking photographs or filming something

    Source

    https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/photography?q=photography

  • Portrait

    Definition

    A painting, drawing, photograph, or engraving of a person, especially one depicting only the face or head and shoulders

    Source

    https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/portrait?q=portrait

  • Postcolonial theory

    Definition

    “Post-colonialism is simply a lens through which we study literature that is set in colonised countries or deals with post-colonial issues. These issues include, but are not limited to, issues of identity, culture, politics, and economics”.

    Source

    Study

  • Preconceived

    Definition

    Formed before, often without enough consideration, knowledge or experience.

  • Re-generate

    Definition

    Reconstruct ideas through experimentation in order to extend them.

  • Resonate

    Definition

    Something that you respond to and are drawn to. Can have particular meaning or importance for someone in a personal or emotional way.

    Example

    The colour of the painting really resonated with her.

    Also known as

    Striking a chord, sitting well.

  • Resource materials

    Definition

    In this context, this means the resources found in the natural world which you are drawing your inspiration from, e.g. wood, leaves etc.

  • Rigid

    Definition

    Stiff, not very flexible.

  • Sanctuary

    Definition

    Protection or a safe place.

  • Scale

    Definition

    The size of an object or element, often in reference to a defined measure or context.

    Example

    The scale of the poster made it impossible to ignore.

    Also known as

    Size.

  • Self-portrait

    Definition

    A rendering (drawing, painting, photograph, etc) of yourself or representation of yourself.

  • Shape

    Definition

    The form or condition in which an object exists or appears.

    Source

    MoMa Glossary

  • Social Object

    Definition

    An object that creates a human connection between two people.

  • SOPs

    Definition

    Standards Operating Procedure. Established ways of doing something within trade and industry.

  • Stereotypical

    Definition

    A set of qualities widely attributed to a particular group that may be over simplified or incorrect.

  • Stimuli

    Definition

    Plural of stimulus. Things that will help to spark ideas and creative motivation.

    Example

    She had gathered a wide range of stimuli to help spark her imagination.

  • Stylised

    Definition

    Using an artistic form or convention to represent something in a non natural way, for creative effect.

  • Subjective

    Definition

    Modified or affected by personal views, experience, or background. A concept based on a persons’ feelings, opinions or tastes.

    Example

    Saying ‘abstract art is subjective’, means that abstract art can be liked by some and disliked by others based upon personal opinion.

  • Subtle

    Definition

    Delicate, not obvious. Requires some attention to notice.

  • Texture

    Definition

    One of the elements of design. In art and design it refers to the surface quality of a work, which may be 2D or 3D. The eye can also be tricked to perceive a surface quality that is 3D but in reality is a 2D construct of colour and marks. Texture can communicate emotion or ideas.

  • Theoretical research

    Definition

    Beliefs/ideas that are backed up by theoretical research/evidence.

  • Thumbnail

    Definition

    Graphic designers and photographers use the term 'thumbnail' when they are talking about small images that represent a larger version of the image. Using thumbnails makes it easier and quicker for them to view and organise larger groups of images.

    Source

    https://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/thumbnail

  • Tikanga

    Definition

    Correct procedure, custom, habit, lore, method, manner, rule, way, code, meaning, plan, practice, convention, protocol - the customary system of values and practices that have developed over time and are deeply embedded in the social context.

  • Tints

    Definition

    Technically a colour lightened with white. Also, in a mixture of colours, the tint is the dominant colour.

  • Tone

    Definition

    Used to describe the light and dark shades of a colour, can be used to describe the colour itself. Tone also refers to a sound in terms of its quality, pitch, origin or power. Can also be the quality or implied meaning of something, mainly in speech or writing.

  • Tool

    Definition

    Tools that are available to you. These can be skills and people as well as physical and digital tools.

    Example

    He was lucky enough to have access to a master illustrator to help him develop the skills in his personal tool kit.

  • Trade

    Definition

    An occupation requiring manual or mechanical skills.

    Also known as

    Craft.

  • Translate

    Definition

    To take ideas in one form/ media or style and make them suitable for another.

    Example

    To translate a pencil sketch into a digital vector.

  • Transpose

    Definition

    To change the order of something or transform one to the other.

    Example

    To integrate or merge two seperate images to create a new image.

  • Typography

    Definition

    Typography is the design of words and letters.

  • Unpack

    Definition

    To pull apart and analyse something.

    Example

    He had to unpack the design brief to help him understand what he was being asked to do.

    Also known as

    To dissemble and get your head around something.

  • Villa

    Definition

    Villas were the most popular new home design in New Zealand from the 1880s through to World War 1. They are characteristically built from timber with metal roofs, many had verandas and decorative timber/fretwork.

  • Visualise

    Definition

    Form a mental image of; imagine. This can be done with drawing as well.

  • Visual Metaphor

    Definition

    A metaphor is a symbol representing something else. So a visual metaphor is an image or visual cue representative of a person, place, thing or idea that suggests an association.

  • Visual rhythm

    Definition

    Rhythm you see rather than hear. Visual rhythm is created by repeating components such as shapes, marks or colour. It can draw your eye around a composition or object.

  • Wallpaper

    Definition

    1. Paper often coloured and printed with designs and pasted to a wall as a decorative covering.
    2. A picture or design displayed on the background of a computer screen or cell phone.

  • Wearable Art

    Definition

    This refers to clothing/garments that are designed as fine art pieces.

    Source

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wearable_art

  • Whanau

    Definition

    Extended family, family group, a familiar term of address to a number of people - the primary economic unit of traditional Māori society. In the modern context the term is sometimes used to include friends who may not have any kinship ties to other members.

  • Whanaungatanga

    Definition

    A Maori concept related to kinship, relationships and a sense of family connection. It is created through shared experiences and working together and provides people with a sense of belonging.

    Source

    Ara Taiohi

  • Zine

    Definition

    A 'zine' is a self- published magazine/booklet usually made using a photocopier. Zines can be any shape or size and vary in their content.

    Source

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zine